Supplements for Saltwater Aquarium Inhabitats: Types and Benefits
Veterinary & Aquatic Services Department, Drs. Foster & Smith

Q. What type of supplements do I need for a saltwater aquarium?
 
A. The inhabitants of almost any saltwater aquarium require supplements added to the water. The type of supplements depends upon the type of inhabitants.

The folks at Kent Marine recommend the following:

Marine
Aquarium
Containing:
Supplement Benefit
Small or Large Polyp Stony Corals, Giant Clams, Leather Corals, Polyps, Mushroom Anemones Calcium Helps build skeleton
Strontium Helps build skeleton
Magnesium Helps prevent premature calcium precipitation
Iodine Helps prevent damage due to excessive light exposure
Buffer (Alkalinity) Helps build skeleton; buffers pH
Trace Element Helps facilitate enzymatic and photosynthetic reactions
Plankton Suspension Provides nutrients that are not produced by the target organism
Vitamin Helps maintain health, color, and facilitates biological reactions
Crustaceans
and other Motile Invertebrates
Calcium Helps build skeleton
Magnesium Helps prevent premature calcium precipitation
Iodine A component of the animal's exoskeleton; aids in the molting process
Buffer (Alkalinity) Buffers pH
Trace Element Helps facilitate enzymatic reactions
Vitamin Helps maintain health, color, and facilitates biological reactions
Fish-Only Iodine Helps prevent health disorders such as goiter
Buffer (Alkalinity) Buffers pH
Trace Element Helps facilitate enzymatic reactions
Vitamin Helps maintain health, color, and facilitates biological reactions

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