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Topical (Skin) Preparations
Veterinary & Aquatic Services Department, Drs. Foster & Smith
Drug Info
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Summary

Topical (skin) preparations can contain a variety of ingredients and generally need to be applied several times a day. Keep the pet from licking the area for at least 15 minutes. Do NOT use a topical ointment in the eye; only use products labeled for 'ophthalmic' use in the eye.

Generic Names of Ingredients
Antifungals: Nystatin, thiabendazole

Antibiotics: Thiostrepton, penicillin G, bacitracin, gentamicin sulfate, neomycin sulfate, polymyxin B

Corticosteroids: Betamethasone, dexamethasone, hydrocortisone acetate, isoflupredone acetate, prednisolone acetate, triamcinolone

Other ingredients: Chlorhexidine, boric acid, acetic acid, eucalyptus oil, aloe


Topical Combination Products Containing Antibiotics
Brand Name Anti-
fungals
Antibiotics Corticosteroids
Nystatin Thiabendazole Thiostrepton Penicillin G Gentamicin Polymyxin B Bacitracin Neomycin Isoflupredone Triamcinolone Hydrocortisone Dexamethasone Betamethasone

Animax,
Panolog,
Derma 4,
Dermagen,
Dermalone, Derma-Vet

X   X         X   X      
Tresaderm   X           X       X  
Forte-Topical       X   X   X     X    
Triple Antibiotic Ointment, Mycitracin           X X X          
Neo-Predef               X X        

Gentocin Topical Spray,
Genta-spray,
Gentaved Topical Spray

        X               X

Topical Combination Products Not Containing Antibiotics
Brand Name Chlorhexidine Boric acid Acetic acid Hydrocortisone Eucalyptus oil Aloe
Drs. Foster & Smith
Itch Stop
      X    
Drs. Foster & Smith
Soothing Salve
X X     X  
Drs. Foster & Smith
Soothing Mist and Pads
X       X X
Dermapet Ear/Skin Cleanser   X X      

Type of Drug
Topical antibiotic, corticosteroid, and/or cleanser

Form and Storage
Sprays, ointments, salves, lotions
Store at room temperature in tightly closed containers except Tresaderm is stored in the refrigerator.

Indications for Use
Treatment of minor cuts, scratches, hot spots, or inflammation due to contact dermatitis or allergies.

General Information
FDA approved for use in dogs and/or cats to treat skin and/or ear infections or inflammation. Available by prescription and over the counter. The antibiotic helps clear the infection while the steroid component helps decrease the itching which helps keep the pet from licking or scratching the area and prolonging the problem. Skin infections/abrasions heal faster if kept clean and dry and the pet is not allowed to lick. Should see an improvement within 48-72 hours of starting the medication.

Usual Dose and Administration
Applied liberally to the skin/ear 2-3 times a day for about a week while the infection is healing. Keep the pet from licking the area for at least 15 minutes to allow the products to soak into the skin and take effect.

Side Effects
Rare when used according to the directions. May see skin irritation or redness.

Contraindications/Warnings
Do not use in patients hypersensitive (allergic) to the ingredients.

Do not allow the pet to lick the injury as it delays healing.

Not for use in cases of deep or serious injury. Contact your veterinarian if the problem is not cured in a week or if it worsens.

If medication comes in contact with pet's eyes, flush eyes thoroughly and contact your veterinarian.

Drug or Food Interactions
Unlikely. Do not use different medications together without consulting your veterinarian. No known food interactions.

Overdose/Toxicity
Unlikely unless the pet eats the container and contents.


Keep this and all other medications out of the reach of children and pets.


If you think your pet has been poisoned...

Contact your veterinarian or one of the Animal Poison Hotlines (listed below) if you think your pet may have accidentally received or been given an overdose of the medication.

**ASPCA National Animal Poison Control Center

1-888-4ANI-HELP (1-888-426-4435). $65.00 per case, billed to caller's credit card.

Follow-up calls can be made for no additional charge by dialing 888-299-2973.

There is no charge when the call involves a product covered by the Animal Product Safety Service.

**Pet Poison Helpline - 24-hour service available throughout North America for pet owners and veterinary professionals who require assistance with treating a potentially poisoned pet.

1-800-213-6680 ($35.00 per incident). Staffed 24-hours a day.


Click here for a pdf version of this article.  See related products at DrsFosterSmith.com Pet Supplies  
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