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Bismuth Subsalicylate (Pepto Bismol)
Veterinary & Aquatic Services Department, Drs. Foster & Smith
Drug Info
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Summary

Bismuth subsalicylate is used to treat mild vomiting and diarrhea in dogs. It can be fatal if used in cats; use only under direct supervision of your veterinarian. Tongue and stool may darken temporarily. If the vomiting and/or diarrhea persists for more than 48 hours; the pet has a fever, is depressed or shows abdominal pain; or the pet does not continue to be active and alert, contact your veterinarian.

Generic Name
Bismuth Subsalicylate

Brand Name
Bismukote, Corrective Suspension, Pepto-Bismol

Type of Drug
Antidiarrheal

Form and Storage
Oral suspension, paste, chewable tablet, and caplet
Protect from light. Store at room temperature.

Indications for Use
Treatment of diarrhea, vomiting, and indigestion in dogs.

General Information
Some formulations are FDA approved for use in dogs and cats. Available by prescription and over the counter. Use with extreme caution, and only under veterinary supervision in cats as it contains aspirin which may be fatal to cats. Used to treat vomiting and diarrhea caused by dietary indiscretion as it soothes the stomach and intestinal lining. If the vomiting and/or diarrhea persists for more than 48 hours; the pet has a fever, is depressed or shows abdominal pain; or the pet does not continue to be active and alert, contact your veterinarian. Further treatment may be needed. It comes in different strength formulations; follow dosage recommendations below. Some evidence shows that Pepto-Bismol may work better than generic brands and that dogs may take the chewable tablets better than the oral suspension form.

Usual Dose and Administration
Follow your veterinarian's recommendations.

Salicylates can be fatal to cats. Bismuth subsalicylate should NOT be given to cats except under direct supervision by your veterinarian.

Side Effects
Tongue color may darken temporarily. Stool may turn a gray-black or greenish color during treatment. In humans, it has caused constipation.

Contraindications/Warnings
Not for use in patients hypersensitive (allergic) to it or to aspirin products.

Use with caution in animals with bleeding problems like von Willebrand's disease.

Do not use in cats as it contains aspirin.

Not for use in pregnant or nursing animals.

Stool may turn a gray-black or greenish color during treatment. Do not confuse with melena (blood in the stool).

May interfere with reading of abdominal x-rays.

May cause inaccurate results of urine tests.

Shake well before use.

Drug or Food Interactions
May decrease absorption of tetracycline antibiotics.

Do not use with aspirin since both contain salicylate.

Do not give with milk.

Overdose/Toxicity
No information available. Potential to see changes in the blood, fever, bleeding, liver or kidney damage, or seizures.

 

Keep this and all other medications out of the reach of children and pets.


If you think your pet has been poisoned...

Contact your veterinarian or one of the Animal Poison Hotlines (listed below) if you think your pet may have accidentally received or been given an overdose of the medication.

**ASPCA National Animal Poison Control Center

1-888-4ANI-HELP (1-888-426-4435). $65.00 per case, billed to caller's credit card.

Follow-up calls can be made for no additional charge by dialing 888-299-2973.

There is no charge when the call involves a product covered by the Animal Product Safety Service.

**Pet Poison Helpline - 24-hour service available throughout North America for pet owners and veterinary professionals who require assistance with treating a potentially poisoned pet.

1-800-213-6680 ($35.00 per incident). Staffed 24-hours a day.


Click here for a pdf version of this article.  See related products at DrsFosterSmith.com Pet Supplies  
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