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Kaolin/Pectin (Kaopectate)
Veterinary & Aquatic Services Department, Drs. Foster & Smith
Drug Info
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Summary

Kaolin/pectin is used to treat mild diarrhea in dogs and cats. May cause constipation at high doses. If the vomiting and/or diarrhea persists for more than 48 hours; the pet has a fever, is depressed or shows abdominal pain; or the pet does not continue to be active and alert, contact your veterinarian.

CAUTION: Some Kaopectate includes bismuth salicylate as an ingredient. This should not be used in cats unless directed by your veterinarian. Dogs that may have an allergy to aspirin, or are taking aspirin, steroids, or another non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) such as Rimadyl, EtoGesic, or Deramaxx should not be given the formulation with bismuth salicylate unless directed by a veterinarian.

Generic Name
Kaolin/Pectin

Brand Names
Kaopectate (also contains attapulgite)

Type of Drug
Antidiarrheal

Form and Storage
Oral suspension
Store in airtight container protected from freezing.

Indications for Use
Treatment of diarrhea.

General Information
Unknown if any have FDA approval in veterinary medicine. Available over the counter. Suspected to work by absorbing bacteria and toxins in the intestine and coating the lining of the intestines for additional protection. Kaopectate now has attapulgite as the adsorbent instead of kaolin. If the diarrhea continues for more than 48 hours or the pet does not continue to be active and alert, contact your veterinarian. Further treatment may be needed. Bismuth salicylate (Pepto Bismol) may be more effective than kaolin/pectin in dogs and cats.

Usual Dose and Administration
Dogs and Cats: 0.5-1.0 ml/pound by mouth every 4-6 hours. Treatment should only be needed for 1-2 days. If the vomiting and/or diarrhea persists for more than 48 hours; the pet has a fever, is depressed or shows abdominal pain; or the pet does not continue to be active and alert, contact your veterinarian. Further treatment may be needed.

Side Effects
May see constipation at high doses.

Contraindications/Warnings
Do not use in patients hypersensitive (allergic) to it.

Do not use it to control severe diarrhea.

Do not use products containing bismuth salicylate in cats unless directed by your veterinarian. Dogs that may have an allergy to aspirin should not be given the formulation with bismuth salicylate. Use with caution in dogs receiving aspirin.

Shake well before use.

Drug or Food Interactions
May inhibit the absorption of lincomycin and digoxin. Give kaolin/pectin at least 2 hours before or 3-4 hours after the other medication if both drugs are to be used.

No known food interactions.

Overdose/Toxicity
May see constipation.


Keep this and all other medications out of the reach of children and pets.


If you think your pet has been poisoned...

Contact your veterinarian or one of the Animal Poison Hotlines (listed below) if you think your pet may have accidentally received or been given an overdose of the medication.

**ASPCA National Animal Poison Control Center

1-888-4ANI-HELP (1-888-426-4435). $65.00 per case, billed to caller's credit card.

Follow-up calls can be made for no additional charge by dialing 888-299-2973.

There is no charge when the call involves a product covered by the Animal Product Safety Service.

**Pet Poison Helpline - 24-hour service available throughout North America for pet owners and veterinary professionals who require assistance with treating a potentially poisoned pet.

1-800-213-6680 ($35.00 per incident). Staffed 24-hours a day.


Click here for a pdf version of this article.  See related products at DrsFosterSmith.com Pet Supplies  
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