Pet Education Dogs
Pet Education Dogs Pet Education Dogs Pet Education Dogs

Pet Pharmacy & Pet Meds
Free Shipping on orders over $49
Video Center
Register your shelter with Paws for a Cause at DrsFosterSmith.com
The Dangers of Poisons
Drs. Foster & Smith, Inc.
Race Foster, DVM
Cases from the Clinic
Print Article | Email Article
Bookmark and Share
Click here for a pdf version of this article.  See related products at DrsFosterSmith.com Pet Supplies

The Dangers of PoisonsWe had an all too-common occurrence in our clinic a few years ago. A client, Christina, brought her little mix, Boogs, into the clinic one evening. She was concerned because Boogs was seeping blood from a small cut on her leg. Nothing seemed to stop the seepage. We took a history and questioned the owner. It turned out that Boogs had run off that morning and when she came back Christina noticed the cut, but did not worry about it since it seemed so small. She washed it and wrapped it up to keep it clean then went off to work. When she came home she noticed that there was an 8 inch diameter spot of blood that had soaked into Boogs' bed. Although the dog was acting fine, Christina decided to bring her in.

When questioned further, it turned out that Christina was living in a friend's basement and the friend had mice. We did not know for sure, but suspected that the dog had ingested some of the rodenticide that had been set out for the mice.

Used to kill mice, rats, and other rodents, ingredients of concern in many rodenticides are anticoagulants, which slow the clotting of the blood. When ingested, these anticoagulants concentrate in the liver, where they interfere with the normal synthesis of clotting factors by the liver. Four common active ingredients in anticoagulant rodenticides are: Dicoumarol, Diphacinone, Brodifacoum, and Bromadiolone. We found out that the particular rodenticide Boogs may have ingested contained dicoumarol, also known as Warfarin.

Even though we merely suspected the exposure, we immediately treated Boogs with fluids and an injection of Vitamin K because of her symptoms and history. We treat more cases of rodenticide poisoning than all other toxins combined. Rodenticides are tasty in order to attract rodents, but that makes them attractive to our pets as well.

Make sure to read rodenticide packages thoroughly if you have pets in your house. If you suspect your pet has eaten any rodenticide, have the package with you when you call your veterinarian or poison control center. Some rodenticides, such as dicoumarol, are active in the body for a short period of time. Others persist for 4-6 weeks which means treatment must be extended. That is why it is important for your veterinarian to know exactly what rodenticide your pet may have ingested. Veterinarians can use special blood tests to determine the level of clotting factors in the blood. These tests are useful in the diagnosis and the monitoring of treatment in rodenticide poisonings. Treatment must continue until the clotting factors have returned to normal levels.

Signs of rodenticide toxicity often go unrecognized. Symptoms of rodenticide poisoning often do not show up for several days (and may include internal bleeding), so many owners are not aware that their pet has been exposed. Internal bleeding may go unnoticed even to the veterinarian. The most common sign that owners notice is bloody saliva in the water bowl. Luckily Christina brought Boogs into us the evening she started showing signs. If Boogs had continued to bleed, the outcome would not have been so good.

We watched Boogs overnight and sent her home the next day with a week's worth of oral Vitamin K which brought the level of her clotting factors back to normal. Boogs is still going strong and the homeowner switched to mouse traps.

Click here for a pdf version of this article.  See related products at DrsFosterSmith.com Pet Supplies  
Print Article | Email Article
 
 
Drs. Foster & Smith Advanced Formula Oatmeal Shampoo & Conditioner
Drs. Foster & Smith Advanced Formula Oatmeal Shampoo & Conditioner
As low as $4.99
 
FURminatorĀ® deShedding Tool
FURminatorĀ® deShedding Tool
As low as $31.99
 
Oster Cordless Pet Trimmer Kit
Oster Cordless Pet Trimmer Kit
As low as $15.99
 
Dog Grooming Brushes
Dog Grooming Brushes
As low as $3.99
 

Facebook YouTube Blog Connect with us

Subscribe to email newsletters:
featuring helpful articles, tips and online only product specials from Drs. Foster & Smith. Learn more here !

About Us Article Reprints Awards & Memberships Request a FREE Catalog Tell a Friend
Meet Our Staff Terms & Use Site Map Free Newsletters Links to Us
Visit our other websites: Doctors Foster and Smith Pet Supplies LiveAquaria.com - Quality Aquatic Life Direct to Your Door
For product information, call 1-800-826-7206

Copyright Ā© 1997-2013, Foster and Smith, Inc. - 2253 Air Park Road, P.O. Box 100, Rhinelander, Wisconsin, 54501. All rights reserved.