Borate, Boric Acid, and Boron.
Ant and roach baits, flea products, herbicides, fertilizers, denture cleaners, contact lens solutions, antiseptics, disinfectants, cleaning compounds, and mouthwash.
The mode of action of borate poisoning is unknown. It acts as an irritant which damages cells. The borates are concentrated in and cause the most damage in the kidneys.
Not determined for dog and cat.
Drooling, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, depression, ataxia, hyperesthesia, muscle weakness, tremors, seizures, blood in the urine, decreased urine production, coma, and death.
Induce vomiting if ingested. Seek veterinary attention. If dermal exposure occurred, thoroughly wash the pet with warm soapy water. Dry thoroughly. Do not allow the pet to become chilled. Wear protective clothing/gloves to prevent human exposure.
General treatment: The induction of vomiting may be continued and gastric lavage is performed. Activated charcoal is not usually recommended due to the abnormally large volume needed to be effective. Bathing is repeated when there has been dermal exposure.
Supportive treatment: IV fluids are administered to maintain hydration and decrease the risk of kidney damage. The kidneys are monitored for several days to determine damage.
Specific treatment: Unavailable.