Isopropanol (isopropyl alcohol)
Isopropyl alcohol is found in skin lotions, after-shave lotions, perfumes, colognes, cleaning solvents, window cleaners, and sanitizers.
Isopropanol is a potent nervous system depressant. It is more toxic than ethanol. Toxicity can result from breathing of the vapors or from ingestion.
Symptoms can be seen after ingestion of less than 1.3 ml per pound of body weight.
Vomiting with or without blood, retching, abdominal pain, central nervous system (CNS) depression, decreased respiratory rate, and coma. The pet will appear drunk and the breath often has an alcohol odor.
Vomiting may be contraindicated due to rapid onset of CNS depression. Seek veterinary attention.
General treatment: Gastric lavage is performed and activated charcoal is administered.
Supportive treatment: IV fluids and oxygen are administered while blood gases and urine output are monitored. Other abnormalities are treated. Hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis may be beneficial, but typically are not needed, as most patients can be treated successfully with supportive care.
Specific treatment: Unavailable.