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Rotenone Toxicity in Dogs and Cats
Veterinary & Aquatic Services Department, Drs. Foster & Smith
First Aid, Emergencies, & Poisons
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Toxin
Rotenone

Source
Multiple insecticides including sprays, powders, dips, and topical medication. These include Duradip, DuraKyl Pet Dip and Spray, Ear Miticide, Goodwinol Ointment, and KC Ear Mite Drops.

General Information
Rotenone is prepared from extracts from the root of the Derris plant. It is commonly known as the derris root, tuba root, and aker tuba. It is found in products designed to treat pets for fleas, ticks, lice, or some types of mites. Rotenone is very toxic to pigs, snakes, and fish and should not be used if these species are in the household.

Toxic Dose
Dogs: 136 mg per pound of body weight. The toxic dose is less for other species.

Signs
Vomiting, lethargy, depression, ataxia, muscle tremors, seizures, respiratory failure, and death.

Immediate Action
If the toxicity is due to skin contact, bathe the animal in warm water with dish soap. Rinse thoroughly and avoid allowing the animal to become chilled. If ingested, induce vomiting. Seek veterinary attention.

Veterinary Care
General treatment: The induction of vomiting may be continued, gastric lavage performed, and activated charcoal administered, if the product was ingested. In case of dermal exposure, treatment includes thoroughly bathing the patient and keeping the animal warm until completely dry.

Supportive treatment: Medications will be administered to decrease the seizures and tremors. Breathing will be monitored and assisted, if necessary.

Specific treatment: Unavailable.

Prognosis
Usually good.

 

Keep this and all other medications out of the reach of children and pets.


If you think your pet has been poisoned...

Contact your veterinarian or one of the Animal Poison Hotlines (listed below) if you think your pet may have accidentally received or been given an overdose of the medication.

**ASPCA National Animal Poison Control Center

1-888-4ANI-HELP (1-888-426-4435). $65.00 per case, billed to caller's credit card.

Follow-up calls can be made for no additional charge by dialing 888-299-2973.

There is no charge when the call involves a product covered by the Animal Product Safety Service.

**Pet Poison Helpline - 24-hour service available throughout North America for pet owners and veterinary professionals who require assistance with treating a potentially poisoned pet.

1-800-213-6680 ($35.00 per incident). Staffed 24-hours a day.


Click here for a pdf version of this article.  See related products at DrsFosterSmith.com Pet Supplies  
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