There are 8 genera of Conures:
- 19 species, including the popular Sun and Mitred Conures
- 18 species, including the popular Maroon-bellied, Green-cheeked, and Black-capped Conures
- 1 species, the Nanday Conure
- 1 species, the Golden-plumed Conure
- 1 species, the Yellow-eared Conure
- 1 species, the Patagonian Conure
- 2 species, the Austral and the Slender-billed Conure
- 1 species, Guaruba guarouba
, the Golden or Queen of Bavaria Conure (formerly Aratinga guarouba
Conures have been imported into the United States since the late 1800's; however, by the early 1980's, importation had almost entirely been replaced by captive breeding programs. This in turn led to birds being sold that were inarguably healthier and better suited emotionally to captivity by virtue of handling and hand-feeding beginning at an early age.
The name Conure is applied to many of the long-tailed parrots of the New World (the Americas). The largest of all the Conures, the Patagonian (Cyanoliseus patagonus) is generally 17"-18". The smallest, the Painted Conure (Pyrrhura picta) is half that size, 8.5". The most popular group of Conures are of the Aratinga genus.
Other notable Conures include the Austral, (Enicognathus ferrungineus), with the most southern habitat of any parrot (southern Chile). The Austral, Patagonian, and Slender-billed Conures will spend a good deal of time foraging for food on the cage floor. The Nanday Conure (Nandayus nenday) has the habit of falling asleep on its back, feet straight up in the air (rather disconcerting the first time observed…). The Queen of Bavaria Conure (Aratinga guarouba) is not recommended for the first-time Conure owner because it requires a great deal of time and attention to avert possible destructive behaviors including screaming, feather picking, and aggression toward other parrots.
Conures, in general, are playful, intelligent, "big parrots in a little parrot body." They also love to snuggle under things, so providing them with a tightly woven wash cloth, soft piece of fabric, or fuzzy toy will be appreciated. Prices range from $200 for many members of the Pyrrhura genus to $700 or more for larger and rarer genus members.