Zinc phosphide (aluminum phosphide and magnesium phosphide have similar actions)
Rodenticides including Acme Mole and Gopher Killer, Gopha Rid, Kikrat, Mous-Con, Mr. Rat Guard, Phosvin, Phosyin, Rumetan, True Grit Gopher Rid, and Zinc Tox.
Following ingestion, the zinc phosphide reacts with the gastric acid in the stomach. This causes the release of a gas that has the odor of garlic, rotten fish, or acetylene. This gas may damage the small blood vessels and red blood cells and small blood vessels in the kidneys, liver, and lungs. This results in cardiovascular collapse. The heart muscle may be affected directly also.
Toxicity can occur at levels below that which produces the odor of the gas.
9 mg per pound of body weight
Symptoms including lack of appetite. lethargy, abdominal distention, weakness, drooling, and vomiting may start within 4 hours of ingestion. Other symptoms may include hypotension, shock, recumbency, muscle tremors, hyperesthesia, seizures, abnormal heart rythms, cyanosis, and death.
If ingested, induce vomiting depending on pet's alertness. Seek veterinary attention.
General treatment: Vomiting will be induced, gastric lavage performed, and activated charcoal administered.
Supportive treatment: Organ function will be evaluated, medications will be administered to decrease gastric acid production, and blood-gas levels monitored. Treatment will be dependent on test results. Hospitalization is usually necessary for at least 48 hours.
Specific treatment: Unavailable.