Pet Education Cats
Pet Education Cats Pet Education Cats Pet Education Cats

Learn about Vetco
Dog Food Cat Food New Brands - Healthy Choices Just Added!
Free Shipping on orders over $49
Video Center
Sodium Phosphate Enema Toxicity in Dogs and Cats
Veterinary & Aquatic Services Department, Drs. Foster & Smith
First Aid, Emergencies, & Poisons
Print Article | Email Article
Bookmark and Share
Click here for a pdf version of this article.  See related products at DrsFosterSmith.com Pet Supplies

Toxin
Sodium Phosphate Enemas.

Source
Fleet enemas.

General Information
Excessive amounts of sodium and phosphate contained in these enemas are absorbed in the colon causing an increase of sodium and phosphate in the blood. This causes changes in the other blood electrolytes which results in further symptoms.

Toxic Dose
Over 25 pounds of body weight - 4 fl. oz.
Less than 25 pounds of body weight - 2 fl. oz.

Signs
Signs usually occur within 30-60 minutes after administration of the enema, and include lethargy, ataxia, heart rhythm abnormalities, muscle tremors, and seizures. Less common are bloody diarrhea and vomiting.

Immediate Action
Induce vomiting. Seek veterinary attention.

Veterinary Care
General treatment: If exposure was by ingestion, the induction of vomiting may be continued, gastric lavage is performed, and activated charcoal is administered.

Supportive treatment: The sodium, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, glucose, BUN, and bicarbonate levels are measured in the blood and appropriate IV fluids are given. Calcium gluconate may need to be given intravenously, while an EKG is performed to monitor for side effects. Fluids should be given cautiously while monitoring for symptoms of cerebral edema.

Specific treatment: Unavailable.

Prognosis
Guarded

 


Keep this and all other medications out of the reach of children and pets.


If you think your pet has been poisoned...

Contact your veterinarian or one of the Animal Poison Hotlines (listed below) if you think your pet may have accidentally received or been given an overdose of the medication.

**ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center - 24-hour service available throughout North America.
www.aspca.org/apcc

1-888-4ANI-HELP (1-888-426-4435). $65.00 per case, billed to caller's credit card.

Follow-up calls can be made for no additional charge by dialing 888-299-2973.

There is no charge when the call involves a product covered by the Animal Product Safety Service.

**Pet Poison Helpline - 24-hour service available throughout North America for pet owners and veterinary professionals who require assistance with treating a potentially poisoned pet.

1-800-213-6680 ($59.00 per incident). Staffed 24-hours a day.

Updated 6/20/17


Click here for a pdf version of this article.  See related products at DrsFosterSmith.com Pet Supplies  
Print Article | Email Article